What Will Happen To The Sun In The Future

5 min read

What Will Happen To The Sun In The Future – The sun will not live forever. In the not-too-distant future, it will first become a red giant and then shrink into a white dwarf. Life on Earth will disappear. There is nothing we can do but move elsewhere.

Death star Active regions of the Sun emit abundant X-rays. In the distant future, the behavior of the Sun will be so intense that it will lead to the end of all life on Earth. Credit: NASA/GSFC/SDO

What Will Happen To The Sun In The Future

What Will Happen To The Sun In The Future

The heat will come. When the Sun becomes a red giant star, the oceans will boil and Earth will become a lava planet. Credit: Fotolia

Kids Ask! What Will Happen When The Sun Dies?

New house In a billion years, Earth’s inhabitants will decide to “live” on Mars and move there to escape the heat of the Sun.

When the Sun runs out of its supply of nuclear fuel in about 5 billion years, it will become a red giant that will swallow up Mercury and Venus and burn up the Earth. After the Sun sheds its outer layers as a colorful planetary nebula, it will compress into a small white dwarf star. But very soon, the temperature of the sun will gradually increase. Within a billion years, Earth’s oceans will begin to boil. It’s unlikely that humanity will still be there, so it’s better to worry about other short-term problems that threaten our planet’s ecosystems.

Necessary evolution. Over the next few billion years, the temperature of the Sun will gradually increase. In about 5 billion years, it will become a red giant and wipe out all life in the inner solar system. Credit: d+m

Seek refuge. When Earth becomes uninhabitable, our descendants can build multi-generation spaceships to migrate to other planetary systems. Credit: Rick Giddis/NASA Ames Research Center

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Life on earth is not possible without the light and heat of the sun. So when the sun dies, it’s bad news. Fortunately, that won’t happen until a few billion years from now. In about five billion years, our beloved Sun will begin the end of its life cycle and become a red giant, engulfing Earth. But if something suddenly happens and the sun explodes suddenly. Will everything in the world disappear or will we have more memories to live? The answer turns out to be a bit more complicated.

It should be noted that the probability of the sun exploding is very low, but it is still worth discussing the consequences of such an event. Understanding the effects of a supernova explosion on our planet can help us understand the fragility of life on Earth and the importance of exploring our universe. However, it should be noted that there are no known remedies that can protect against such an event.

At 109 times the diameter of our Earth, the Sun can hold more than 1.3 million of our own planets. Despite its large size, our star is in the middle in average mass compared to other stars.

What Will Happen To The Sun In The Future

Stars ten times more massive than ours go supernova and explode, but there are some exceptions. However, our star is too small to go supernova, but if it hypothetically did somehow explode, we wouldn’t know about it for about eight minutes and twenty seconds.

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This is because the Sun is very far from us, on average 150 million km / 93 million miles. It takes eight minutes and twenty seconds for sunlight to reach this distance.

If the Sun somehow explodes during a supernova event, we won’t know until it’s too late because we can’t hear the explosion. Because sound traveling through space is very weak.

The explosion will be so powerful that planets like Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars will be completely destroyed. However, all life on Earth will die before the light, debris, or shock waves from the explosion reach us.

If the Sun exploded, the first thing that would destroy all life on Earth would be radiation in the form of neutrinos. Billions of neutrinos hit our bodies every second, but they do not interact with them.

Eso Supernova Exhibition — What Will Happen When The Sun Dies?

However, in a supernova explosion, the neutrinos are multiplied by ten quadrillion and their energy increases, greatly increasing the probability of interaction. Neutrinos travel at close to the speed of light and carry 99% of the supernova’s energy. This means that most organisms will be knocked out by the reaction within seconds.

The scariest thing about neutrinos is that they can pass through anything; So, even if you are on the other side of the earth where the sun is not facing, the same fate will happen to you. When a supernova was observed 168,000 light-years away in 1987, scientists detected neutrinos within seconds; The light of the explosion was seen after hours.

This means that if the Sun explodes now, the neutrinos will vaporize everything on our planet before the light from the explosion reaches us. But it all depends on the strength of the explosion.

What Will Happen To The Sun In The Future

Let’s say the Sun’s explosion wasn’t so powerful that the neutrinos didn’t destroy us. In this case, shock waves from the explosion will destroy everything on our planet facing the Sun.

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The other side of the world will experience a rapid increase in temperature and will be shrouded in darkness. When the Sun disappears, there will be no force to gravitationally bind our planet to the Solar System.

This means our planet will sink and leave the solar system floating in space. A week after the eruption, the Earth’s temperature will drop to -18 degrees Celsius /0 degrees Fahrenheit.

In about a year, Earth’s temperature can reach -73 C / -100 F, at which point even the oceans will begin to freeze. As our planet continues to drift into space, our atmosphere will begin to weaken and everything will be exposed to cosmic radiation.

In the most optimistic scenario, only bacterial and multicellular life forms could survive hidden in hydrothermal vents. Eventually, our planet will end up in the gravitational field of another star.

Cosmic Radiation: Why We Should Not Be Worried

If the star is similar to our Sun, and if Earth occupies the same position in this new solar system for millions of years, then life could arise again.

Humanity cannot survive if the sun explodes randomly today or tomorrow. But if the explosion is not strong enough, and we know in advance that it will happen, we may have a chance to extend our existence by a few more years.

For example, the lower you go, the warmer the Earth’s subsurface temperature becomes. About 3 meters underground, the temperature is about 23 degrees C / 75 degrees F. With enough resources and the right technology, humanity could survive without the sun for years in a fortified underground bunker.

What Will Happen To The Sun In The Future

Underground farming is also possible with grow lights, hydroponics, aeroponics, air dynaponics systems or container gardens. Thanks to these technologies and techniques, edible plants can be grown underground.

Death Of The Sun

Keeping livestock underground and generating energy using nuclear or geothermal means is possible, if there is enough space and humanity is willing to develop the appropriate technologies and techniques in time.

But the harsh reality is that due to current conditions, only small human colonies can survive this way, and only if they are prepared and prepared in advance. The good news is that Earth’s core will remain warm for millions, perhaps billions of years.

While the above scenario may sound bleak, it hardly makes for a good movie. The sun can’t randomly explode for no reason.

Based on our current understanding of star phases, our Sun will continue to shine for more than five billion years before it turns into a red giant and engulfs the terrestrial planets. The good news is that our Sun is stable and not massive enough to go supernova or collapse into a black hole.

The Sun Natalie And Holly 7f.

Hi, my name is Daniel and I am a space enthusiast. I love everything about space and SCFI, I love Star Wars and Star Trek, and I believe we’ll find something completely different there. I am an astrology writer with a passion for history and mythology. Every star has its own story. I will tell their story.

This page is part of our collection of articles about astronauts. If you enjoyed reading, you will enjoy the following articles.

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