What Can Happen If Your Blood Sugar Is Too High – If your blood glucose (sugar) level drops too low, you may develop hypoglycemia. It can be dangerous and can affect several body systems. Requires immediate medical attention.
Every cell in your body needs energy to function. The main source of energy may surprise you: it is sugar, also known as glucose. Blood sugar is essential for the proper functioning of the brain, heart and digestion. It also helps maintain healthy skin and vision.
- 1 What Can Happen If Your Blood Sugar Is Too High
- 1.1 What Are The Signs Of High And Low Blood Sugar?
- 1.2 Blood Sugar Chart: What’s The Normal Range For Blood Sugar?
- 1.3 Normal Blood Sugar Levels For Diabetics And Non Diabetics
- 1.4 Causes And Risk Factors Of Hypoglycemia
What Can Happen If Your Blood Sugar Is Too High
When blood sugar levels fall below the normal range, it is called hypoglycemia. There are many identifiable symptoms of low blood sugar, but the only way to know if you have low blood sugar is to have your blood sugar tested.
What Are The Signs Of High And Low Blood Sugar?
Learn more about the symptoms of low blood sugar and the long-term effects on the body.
In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas can no longer produce insulin. In type 2 diabetes, the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or the body cannot use it properly. Too much insulin or oral diabetes medications can lower blood sugar, causing hypoglycemia.
Contrary to popular belief, low blood sugar is not unique to diabetes, although it is rare. It can also happen if the body produces more insulin than it should.
Another possible cause of low blood sugar levels is excessive alcohol consumption, especially over long periods of time. This can interfere with the liver’s ability to store glucose and then release it into the bloodstream when you need it.
Sneaky Reasons Your Blood Sugar Is High
When blood sugar levels are too low, cells are starved for energy. At first, you may notice minor symptoms, such as hunger and headaches. However, if you don’t raise your blood sugar levels in time, you may be at risk of serious complications.
To prevent blood sugar levels from rising too high, a phenomenon called hyperglycemia, you need the right amount of insulin. With insufficient insulin, blood sugar levels rise. On the other hand, an excess of insulin can cause a rapid drop in blood sugar.
After eating, the digestive system breaks down carbohydrates and turns them into glucose. Basically, glucose is the body’s fuel source.
When sugar levels rise, the pancreas releases a hormone called insulin, which helps glucose to be absorbed and used by cells throughout the body. If you have insulin-dependent diabetes, you need to take the right amount of insulin to get the job done.
Blood Sugar Chart: What’s The Normal Range For Blood Sugar?
When you go a few hours without eating, your blood sugar levels drop. If you have a healthy pancreas, it releases a hormone called glucagon to compensate for the lack of food. This hormone tells the liver to process stored sugars and release them into the bloodstream.
If everything is working as it should, your blood sugar levels should stay within the normal range until your next meal.
Inadequate blood sugar levels can cause a fast heart rate and palpitations. Even if you have diabetes, you may not always have obvious symptoms of low blood sugar. This is a potentially dangerous condition called hypoglycemic unconsciousness. This happens when you experience low blood sugar so often that your body’s response changes.
Normally, low blood sugar causes the body to release stress hormones, such as adrenaline. Adrenaline is responsible for these early warning signs, such as hunger and tremors.
Type 2 Diabetes: What It Is, Causes, Symptoms & Treatment
When blood sugar drops too often, the body can stop releasing stress hormones, which is called hypoglycemia-associated autonomic failure, or HAAF. That’s why it’s so important to monitor your blood sugar levels regularly.
Often, low blood sugar can indicate extreme hunger. But sometimes low blood sugar can make you lose interest in a meal, even if you’re hungry.
Low blood sugar levels can also cause various central nervous system problems. Early symptoms include weakness, lightheadedness, and dizziness. Headaches can be caused by a lack of glucose, especially if you have diabetes.
You may also feel signs of stress, such as nervousness, anxiety, and irritability. When your blood sugar levels drop at night, you may experience nightmares, crying in your sleep, or other sleep disturbances.
Normal Blood Sugar Levels For Diabetics And Non Diabetics
Lack of coordination, chills, clammy skin, and sweating can occur with low blood sugar. Tingling or numbness in the mouth are other effects that can develop. In addition, you may experience blurred vision, headaches, and confusion. Daily tasks and coordination are also difficult.
Untreated severe blood sugar can be very dangerous. It can cause convulsions, loss of consciousness or death.
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Our experts constantly monitor the health and wellness space, and we update our articles as new information becomes available. Diabetes can affect many parts of the body, including the heart, kidneys, eyes, feet, and legs. Several complications are possible the longer you live with the disease and if you have higher blood sugar levels over time.
Diabetes And The Pancreas: Insulin, Complications, And Function
Blood sugar is an often underestimated component of health. When out of balance over a long period of time, it can develop into diabetes.
The body’s ability to make or use insulin, a hormone that allows the body to convert glucose (sugar) into energy.
Diabetes can be effectively controlled if diagnosed early. However, if left untreated, it can lead to potential complications including:
Normally, after eating or drinking, the body breaks down the sugars in the food and uses them for energy in the cells.
Effects Of Menopause On Blood Sugar — Genesis Performance Chiropractic Of Elverson, Pa
To achieve this, the pancreas must produce a hormone called insulin. Insulin is what facilitates the process of taking sugar from the blood and putting it into the cells for use or energy.
If you have diabetes, your pancreas produces too little or no insulin. Insulin cannot be used effectively.
This allows blood glucose levels to rise while depriving the rest of the cells of much-needed energy. This can lead to a wide variety of problems that affect almost every major system in the body.
Type 1, also called juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes, is a disorder of the immune system. Your own immune system attacks the insulin-producing cells in your pancreas, destroying your body’s ability to produce insulin. With type 1 diabetes, you need to take insulin to live. Most people are diagnosed with type 1 when they are children or young adults.
Causes And Risk Factors Of Hypoglycemia
Type 2 is related to insulin resistance. It used to be found in older populations, but now more and more younger populations are developing type 2 diabetes. This is the result of certain lifestyle, diet and exercise habits.
With type 2 diabetes, the pancreas stops using insulin effectively. This causes problems with the ability to take sugar from the blood and get it into the cells for energy. Eventually, this can lead to the need for insulin medication.
You can effectively manage the earlier stages, such as prediabetes, with a balanced diet, exercise, and close monitoring of blood sugars. It can also prevent the development of type 2 diabetes.
Diabetes can be controlled. In some cases, it may even go into remission if the necessary lifestyle changes are made.
Surprising Causes Of Blood Sugar Fluctuations
Gestational diabetes is high blood sugar that develops during pregnancy. In most cases, gestational diabetes can be controlled through diet and exercise. Also, it is usually resolved after delivery.
Gestational diabetes can increase the risk of complications during pregnancy. It can also increase the risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life for both parents and the child.
If your pancreas produces little or no insulin, or if your body can’t use it, other hormones are used to convert fat into energy. This can create high levels of toxic chemicals, including acids and ketone bodies, which can lead to a condition called diabetic ketoacidosis.
Breath may have a sweet smell caused by high levels of ketones in the blood. High blood sugar levels and excess ketones in the urine can confirm diabetic ketoacidosis. If left untreated, this condition can lead to loss of consciousness or even death.
Handling High And Low Blood Sugar Levels For A Child With Type 1 Diabetes
Diabetic hyperosmolar hyperglycemic syndrome (DHS) occurs in type 2 diabetes. This involves very high blood glucose levels but no ketones.
You can become dehydrated with this condition. You may even lose consciousness. HHS is more common in people with undiagnosed diabetes or who have not managed their diabetes well. It can also be caused by a heart attack, stroke or infection.
High blood glucose levels can cause gastroparesis. This is when it is difficult for the stomach to empty completely. This delay can cause blood glucose levels to rise. As a result, you may also experience:
Diabetes can also damage the kidneys and affect their ability to filter waste products from the blood. If your doctor detects microalbuminuria, or high amounts of protein in your urine, it may be a sign that your kidneys are not working properly.
Hypoglycemia: What Is It, Causes, Testing, Treatment, And More
Kidney disease related to diabetes is called diabetic nephropathy. This condition does not show symptoms until the later stages.
If you have diabetes, your doctor will evaluate you for kidney disease to help prevent irreversible kidney damage or kidney failure.
When you have high blood glucose levels, it can contribute to the formation of fatty deposits on the walls of your blood vessels. Over time, it can be limited
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