What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of Cervical Cancer

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What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of Cervical Cancer – Cervical cancer occurs when abnormal cells grow in the cervix. It is one of the most common and 2

The most commonly diagnosed cancer, which is progressive, can affect deeper tissue in the region of the uterus and also spread to other parts of the body.

What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of Cervical Cancer

What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of Cervical Cancer

99% of cervical cancers are caused by one of the 13 high-risk HPV (Human Papilloma Virus) infections, and persistent high-risk HPV infections cause cervical cancer. It takes about 5 to 10 years for persistent HPV infection to lead to the disease. Therefore, HPV vaccination at a young age (9-15) and regular Pap screening after age 21 help detect and cure cervical cancer.

Solution: Cervical Cancer Signs And Symptoms And Why They Occur

Uterine cancer occurs when healthy cells in the uterus begin to multiply in an uncontrolled amount, forming abnormal cell masses (masses) or as a result of mutations in their cellular structure.

About 99% of cervical cancers are caused by high-risk HPV infections, and most HPV infections are self-limiting. A small number of cases (5-10%) with persistent HPV infection are at high risk of developing cervical cancer. However, several cofactors are associated with an increased risk of persistent high-risk HPV infection leading to cervical cancer.

Like many other cancers, cervical cancer patients can be asymptomatic, that is, they may not show any symptoms until the cancer progresses to an advanced stage. Possible symptoms include:

Early diagnosis is important for the successful treatment and cure of cervical cancer, just like any other type of cancer. Treatment in pre-cancerous stages where only the surface tissue of a small part of the cervix has been affected is more successful than advanced stages where it has affected a large part of the cervix and spread to other tissues.

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Regular clinical examinations, yearly smear tests, and HPV tests help in early detection and successful treatment of cervical cancer. The Pap test examines cells collected from the cervix for any abnormalities that allow for early detection and treatment.

If the Pap test results show abnormal cells, a colposcopy exam is recommended where the doctor can take a closer look at the tissue in the uterus, and if necessary, perform a biopsy of the suspicious area. Your doctor may ask you to have an MRI or PET scan to detect and determine the stage of cervical cancer.

The earlier the diagnosis and treatment, the higher the success rate. Cervical cancer is usually curable in the early stages, and about 80-90% of cases are cured by surgery.

What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of Cervical Cancer

Beyond stage 4, in advanced stages of cervical cancer, the cure rate is 40-60%, and the main treatment options include radiation and chemotherapy. Sometimes laparoscopic surgery is also done before radiation to remove the lymph nodes.

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With a dedicated wing for women’s oncology, the Cancer Hospital has a team of gynecological oncologists and radiation specialists with years of clinical experience who ensure that a detailed diagnosis is made and then an appropriate treatment plan is drawn up. Cervical cancer is when tumor growth occurs. to the cervix, an important part of the female reproductive tract. The cervix is ​​a cylindrical organ that connects the uterus to the vagina. It consists mainly of fibrous muscle tissue.

Although the global incidence of cervical cancer is relatively low compared to more metastatic conditions such as breast and lung cancer, it still affects millions of women worldwide each year. Also read: Breast Cancer: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

The main agent that causes cervical cancer is the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV), although the exact mechanism it uses to trigger the proliferation of cervical cancer cells has not yet been determined. The HPV virus exists in the system of many women of all ages but in a dormant phase. When exposed to some external radiation or extreme environmental factors, it activates the viral vector, which in turn leads to cervical cancer.

Basically, HPV attacks the healthy genetic makeup of DNA and the normal cell multiplication process in the cervical tissue, leading to uncontrolled cell division, ultimately triggering the growth of a large cancer.

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This category of uterine cancer originates from colon gland cells found in the lining of the uterine canal. The incidence of adenocarcinoma is relatively rare.

This type of cervical cancer occurs in squamous cells, which are thin and flat, found on the outside of the cervix in the vaginal area. Squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix is ​​very common.

Cervical cancer can be prevented by getting the HPV vaccine, regularly examining the cervix, uterus and vagina, avoiding tobacco and taking proper precautions before having sex.

What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of Cervical Cancer

However, if there are typical signs of a lump in the uterine area, seek medical attention immediately to effectively treat cervical cancer.

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Cervical cancer, in its early stages, does not show any obvious symptoms. Once it becomes stronger and begins to metastasize or spread to other organs of the body, the affected patient shows the following typical signs:

Oncologists, who are basically medical experts in detecting cancer, perform many tests to look for the presence of human papillomavirus, in cell samples and scraped tissue from the cervix of an affected person.

These tests include pap smears, HPV DNA tests, punch biopsies and cone biopsies. If this scan shows some early evidence of cervical cancer, the doctor does more imaging tests such as x-rays, CT scans and MRIs, to determine how far the cancer has spread in the patient’s system.

Treatment to remove cervical cancer from the female reproductive tract includes expensive procedures, depending on the type, stage and severity of the cancer.

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Invasive protocols for removing cervical cancer include techniques to remove only the tumor growth, remove the entire cervix (trachelectomy), or cut the cervix and uterus (hysterectomy).

Doctors prescribe powerful drugs that target and kill cancer cells in the infected woman’s cervix. This medicine can be taken orally or given intravenously.

Using high energy sources such as X-rays or protons, cervical cancer cells are specifically targeted and removed, without damaging the surrounding healthy cells.

What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of Cervical Cancer

Immunotherapy: This method involves taking prescription drugs, according to the doctor’s advice, to strengthen the body’s immune system defenses, effectively fighting cancer cells. Around 3,200 new cases of cervical cancer are diagnosed in the UK each year – almost that. nine every day.

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Fortunately, due to prevention and early detection, survival rates for cervical cancer have increased over the past 50 years in the UK, and it is predicted that one in two people will survive the disease for ten years or more.

In this guide, we discuss what cervical cancer is, what causes it, symptoms to look for and how to get tested.

The cervix is ​​the lower part of the uterus (womb) and is part of the female reproductive system. Sometimes it is called the cervix.

Cervical cancer is cancer found anywhere in the cervix. This type of cancer usually develops very slowly, and how serious it is depends on how much of the cervix is ​​affected, whether it has spread to other parts of your body and your general health.

Cervical Cancer Causes, Symptoms & Signs, Treatment

Cervical cancer most often occurs in women in their early 30s. Almost all cervical cancers are caused by a certain type of common virus known as human papillomavirus (HPV).

Early cervical cancer and precancerous cell changes usually do not cause any symptoms, and not everyone diagnosed with cervical cancer will experience symptoms.

However, knowing the symptoms of cervical cancer increases your chances of seeing the signs of the disease. Getting an early diagnosis and treatment means a higher survival rate.

What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of Cervical Cancer

These symptoms can be caused by a number of health conditions, not just cervical cancer, so it’s important to see your doctor to get a diagnosis as soon as possible.

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There are 13 high-risk types of HPV that cause cervical cancer,’ testing reports on the two most common HPV subtypes 16 and 18. Information on HPV subtype results is useful not only from a risk perspective, but also if you want to get vaccinated and HPV vaccination and not the age of the NHS HPV vaccination programme. The HPV vaccine currently covers HPV subtypes 6, 11, 16, 18, 31, 33, 45, 52, and 58.

The main risk factor for cervical cancer, which accounts for 99.7% of cases, is persistent infection with the human papillomavirus (HPV).

You can get HPV through any skin-to-skin contact with the genital area, through vaginal, anal, or oral sex, or by sharing sex toys. HPV is very common – almost everyone who has sex will contract some type of HPV at some point in their lives.

There are more than 100 types of viruses. Most types of HPV are harmless, but about 13 variants are considered a high risk for cervical cancer. These variations can cause abnormal changes in the cells of the cervix, which can lead to development

Cervical Cancer Signs And Symptoms Of Cervical Cancer

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