What Are The Chances Of Surviving Aids – Medical review by Daniel Morrell, M.D. – By Rachel Nall, MSN, CRNA – Updated April 24, 2020
HIV attacks a specific type of immune system cell. This cell is known as a CD4 helper cell or T cell. When HIV destroys this cell, it becomes harder for the body to fight other infections.
- 1 What Are The Chances Of Surviving Aids
- 1.1 Long Term Benefits From Early Antiretroviral Therapy Initiation In Hiv Infection
- 1.2 How Long Can Hiv Live Outside Of The Body?
- 1.3 Breastfeeding, Chestfeeding And Hiv: Supporting Informed Choices
- 1.4 Effect Of Hiv Infection On Pregnancy Related Mortality In Sub Saharan Africa: Secondary Analyses Of Pooled Community Based Data From The Network For Analysing Longitudinal Population Based Hiv/aids Data On Africa (alpha)
- 1.5 Estimates Of The Global Burden Of Cervical Cancer Associated With Hiv
- 1.6 Living With Hiv? Here’s What You Need To Know About Cancer
- 2 This Is How Hiv Decides To Become Active
- 3 Where Is Hiv Transmitted, And Are Hiv And Aids The Same?
What Are The Chances Of Surviving Aids
If HIV is left untreated, even a minor infection like a cold can be much more serious. This is because the body has difficulty responding to new infections.
HIV not only attacks CD4 cells, but also uses the cells to make more virus. HIV destroys CD4 cells by using their replication machinery to make new copies of the virus. This ultimately causes the CD4 cells to swell and burst.
Once the virus has destroyed a certain number of CD4 cells and the CD4 cell count falls below 200, a person has progressed to AIDS.
However, it is important to note that advances in HIV treatment have allowed many people with HIV to live longer, healthier lives.
HIV is transmitted through contact with the following bodily fluids, from most likely to least likely to transmit HIV:
How Long Can Hiv Live Outside Of The Body?
Sex without a condom and sharing needles – even tattoos or piercing needles – can lead to HIV transmission. However, if an HIV-positive person can achieve viral suppression, he/she cannot transmit HIV to others through sexual contact.
Viral suppression is achieved when a person has fewer than 200 copies of HIV RNA per milliliter of blood.
HIV does not always multiply quickly. If left untreated, it can take years before a person’s immune system is compromised enough to show symptoms of immune dysfunction and other infections. View a timeline of HIV symptoms.
Even without symptoms, HIV can still be present in the body and still be transmitted. Getting the right treatment that results in viral suppression stops the progression of immune system dysfunction and AIDS. Adequate treatment also helps restore the damaged immune system.
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Symptoms of an acute infection can occur days to weeks after contracting the virus. During this time, the virus multiplies rapidly and without control in the body.
Flu symptoms are due to an increase in the number of HIV copies and widespread infections in the body. During this time, the amount of CD4 cells begins to decrease very rapidly. The immune system then kicks in and ensures that CD4 levels rise again. However, CD4 levels may not return to pre-HIV levels.
In addition to potentially developing symptoms, the acute phase is when people with HIV are most likely to pass the virus on to others. This is because HIV levels are very high at this time. The acute phase usually lasts from several weeks to several months.
The chronic phase of HIV is known as the latent or asymptomatic phase. During this phase, the person usually does not have as many symptoms as during the acute phase. This is because the virus does not multiply quickly.
Breastfeeding, Chestfeeding And Hiv: Supporting Informed Choices
However, if the virus is not treated and maintains a detectable viral load, a person can still transmit HIV. Without treatment, the chronic phase of HIV can last years before progressing to AIDS.
Advances in antiretroviral therapy have significantly improved the outlook for people living with HIV. With proper treatment, many HIV-positive people can achieve viral suppression and live long, healthy lives. Learn more about HIV and life expectancy.
According to HIV.gov, the normal CD4 count in healthy adults ranges from about 500 to 1,600 cells per cubic millimeter of blood (cells per cubic millimeter).
A person may receive an AIDS diagnosis if he or she has an opportunistic infection or another illness that defines AIDS.
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People with AIDS are vulnerable to opportunistic infections and common infections such as tuberculosis, toxoplasmosis and pneumonia.
People with weak immune systems are also more susceptible to certain types of cancer, such as lymphoma and cervical cancer.
The most important factor influencing the progression of HIV is the ability to achieve viral suppression. Taking antiretroviral therapy regularly helps many people slow the progression of HIV and achieve viral suppression.
However, there are several factors that influence the progression of HIV, and some people progress through the stages of HIV more quickly than others.
Effect Of Hiv Infection On Pregnancy Related Mortality In Sub Saharan Africa: Secondary Analyses Of Pooled Community Based Data From The Network For Analysing Longitudinal Population Based Hiv/aids Data On Africa (alpha)
A healthy lifestyle and regular visits to the doctor can make a big difference in a person’s overall health.
HIV treatment usually involves antiretroviral therapy. It is not a specific regimen, but a combination of three or four medications. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration currently has nearly 50 different medications approved for the treatment of HIV.
Antiretroviral therapy prevents the virus from replicating. This maintains immunity and slows the progression of HIV.
Most health care providers let people with HIV take a combination of three medications from at least two different drug groups. These classes, from most to least prescribed, are:
How Long Can I Live If I Get Hiv?
HIV does not cause many visible or noticeable symptoms until the disease is advanced. Therefore, it is important to understand how HIV is transmitted and ways to prevent transmission.
Healthcare providers usually recommend getting tested for HIV at least once a year if you have had sex with someone without a condom or with a shared needle in the past. People who have been exposed to HIV in the past also benefit from episodic testing.
If a person has been exposed to HIV in the past 72 hours, they should consider post-exposure prophylaxis, also called PEP.
People who are continuously exposed to HIV may benefit from pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) and regular testing. PrEP is a daily pill, and the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends a PrEP regimen for all people at risk for HIV infection.
Estimates Of The Global Burden Of Cervical Cancer Associated With Hiv
Advances in HIV treatments mean more people are living with the disease than ever before. Regular testing and good health care can reduce transmission.
In the case of HIV infection, timely treatment can prevent further transmission to others and the progression of the disease. Treatment is essential to prevent the disease from developing into AIDS.
It has detailed guidelines for providers and relies on peer-reviewed studies, academic research institutions and medical associations. We avoid the use of third-degree references. You can learn more about how we ensure our content is accurate and up to date by reading our editorial policy.
Our experts continuously monitor the health and wellness environment and update our articles as new information becomes available. HIV-positive people are living longer and longer. Many people with HIV can expect to live as long as their peers who do not have HIV.
Living With Hiv? Here’s What You Need To Know About Cancer
Research shows that someone with HIV has the same life expectancy as someone who is HIV negative, as long as he or she is diagnosed early, has good access to medical care and is able to maintain HIV treatment.
A number of factors can affect the life expectancy of people with HIV. Depending on these and other factors, results will vary from person to person.
More precisely, it is the average number of years a person of a given age is expected to live if current mortality rates continue. This is an estimate calculated by looking at the current situation of a group of people and predicting it for the future.
However, HIV is a relatively new disease and the treatment of HIV is a rapidly changing field of medicine. So it is difficult to know whether our current experiences will be an accurate guide to the future.
This Is How Hiv Decides To Become Active
Currently, a large number of people in their twenties, thirties, forties, fifties and sixties are infected with HIV. Current mortality rates are very low, providing encouraging figures for future life expectancy. But we have very little experience with people in their 70s or 80s with HIV, so we know less about the impact of HIV in the future.
Healthcare for people with HIV is also likely to improve in the future. People with HIV benefit from improved anti-HIV medications that have fewer side effects, are easier to take, and are more effective at suppressing HIV. Physicians’ understanding of how to best prevent and treat heart disease, diabetes, cancer and other conditions in people with HIV is improving. This could mean that people are actually living longer than our current estimates.
When studying lifespan, it is important to remember that researchers do not always have access to all important information. For example, they usually don’t know how physically active people are, or whether they smoke or use drugs.
Although these factors have a major impact on health, no data are available to accurately estimate life expectancy for each of these factors. Therefore, there are estimates based on people’s age at HIV diagnosis and CD4 count, but we do not have estimates that also take into account lifestyle and social factors.
Where Is Hiv Transmitted, And Are Hiv And Aids The Same?
It is important to remember that life expectancy figures are averages. The unique combination of circumstances in a person’s life – including health, lifestyle and social circumstances – affects the actual number of years a person lives. It may be more or less than the average.
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