How Will Agriculture Change In The Future

5 min read

How Will Agriculture Change In The Future – 5G will revolutionize the agricultural sector, implementing precision agriculture, achieving cost-effectiveness and improving the utilization of crop and livestock resources.

India is the second largest producer of wheat and rice, the world’s staple food. Agriculture is the backbone of the Indian economy and has recorded impressive growth in the last few decades.

How Will Agriculture Change In The Future

How Will Agriculture Change In The Future

Especially in the context of India, agriculture and health are important sectors. The real impact of 5G on the common man will be the digital transformation of agriculture and healthcare sectors. 5G technology will disrupt the agricultural sector, benefiting the people. Despite the fact that 60% of the workforce in our country works in agriculture, the share of agriculture in the GDP is only 18%. Some of the shortcomings of the current system of agriculture can be solved with the help of technology. 5G will revolutionize the agricultural sector by implementing precision agriculture, getting the best value, optimizing the use of agricultural and livestock resources, smart management and providing better value to end users. 5G enabled drones can be used to remotely sense farms and spray fertilizers/pesticides/pesticides.

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ICAR (Indian Council of Agricultural Research) has launched this ambitious network program on precision agriculture, including crop health, soil health, post-harvest management, fisheries and animal husbandry. One of the goals of this program is to develop advanced rate technologies (VRT) for site-specific input management.

VRT is a tool that allows farmers to apply fertilizer, water, pesticides and seeds across the field at varying rates. In this technology, 5G-powered sensors measure soil properties or crop characteristics in real time. The control system then calculates the required amount of input data. The benefits of using this technology are increased productivity, environmental protection and lower costs.

Precision farming is a strategy to improve productivity. This strategy increases precision, accuracy and input at every level, while reducing costs and manpower through the use of automation, remote sensing, data analytics and 5G. The objectives are profitability, environmental protection and sustainable development.

Application of 5G in agriculture is the use of modular IOT (Internet of Things) gateways powered by 5G to control climate, agricultural vehicles, animal husbandry, soil moisture, plant health, pest control and water supply control etc. can do d.

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With 5G-enabled IoT devices, data from multiple sources is collected, frequently updated and sent to the cloud in real time. In the cloud, data is analyzed using AI/ML algorithms to present actionable information to farmers.

Sources may include soil moisture, weather, seed genetics, crop condition, plant health, production date, soil pH, market value of harvested crop, etc.

• Drones: Drone remote sensing fills the gaps in both satellite and ground-based remote sensing. 5G-enabled drones equipped with multi-spectral sensors can be used to analyze the nutritional status of crops through digital soil mapping. This data is combined with weather and other agricultural information to apply the optimum amount of fertilizer in a particular area.

How Will Agriculture Change In The Future

Drones scan and scan for insects, diseases and pests and apply pesticides to target areas after analyzing the data with artificial intelligence algorithms.

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Agriculture accounts for 20% of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. There are strict laws in place to reduce nutrient loss and chemical use by 50%. Chemical consumption can be reduced by 15 percent without impacting productivity by deploying 5G-powered drones as described above.

Drones can collect and deliver information about field condition and crop stage. Because 5G supports higher bandwidth, 5G-enabled drones can collect and transmit high-quality, high-definition video data faster. Drone experts in remote locations operate these drones and farmers can benefit.

• Autonomous Farming Vehicles: Farmers can monitor tractor status from their mobile phone, which provides tractor images and live data. Tractors can be equipped with 5G-enabled devices that allow operators to remotely adjust tractor speed, soil plow depth and seed row spacing. Automatic agricultural equipment will provide more flexibility and efficiency and save labor costs.

• Livestock monitoring and management: India has more than 30 crore cattle and is the largest milk consuming country. But our livestock production is low. Daily milk production for cattle is 4 to 6 liters, and in Israel – 30 to 40 liters. Technology can help improve livestock production. Every year farmers lose a lot of money due to animal diseases. By using 5G-enabled sensor devices, farmers can monitor and take action against pests and diseases of farm animals. These sensors can be attached to the animal’s ears and farmers can remotely know if the animal is in heat or sick. Sensors can be attached to the stomach to determine how well the digestive system is working. You can monitor animal behavior, health, feeding, food and water quality, hygiene level. Their location at home can be tracked and traced. An animal’s reproductive cycle and calving process can be tracked for safer and more successful births.

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• Precision Aquaculture: With the help of 5G enabled sensors, the farmer can measure water pH value, water level, DO (dissolved oxygen) in water, temperature etc. environment to increase productivity.

• Weather stations: 5G-enabled weather stations can help farmers monitor wind speed, wind direction, temperature, relative humidity, solar exposure and air pressure in real-time.

• ICT Enables Information Flow from Farmers to Markets: With blockchain technology as well as 5G technology, the flow of products (especially perishables) from farmers to markets will have their barcodes/RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) Can be tracked by scanning.

How Will Agriculture Change In The Future

In short, data collection with 5G-enabled drones, data analysis (using AI/ML algorithms, data analytics and real-time data processing in the cloud), consulting (real-time farm operations based on data analysis optimization) and -farm activation (initiating 5G-enabled machines and robotics on the farm based on recommendations) are part of digital agriculture.

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World food production must increase by 70% to meet the growing demand. Agriculture is at the beginning of another revolution. By 2025, 55 percent of data will come from IoT devices deployed on farms. Data, 5G connectivity, artificial intelligence, data analytics and sensors can increase productivity, reduce the need for water and other inputs, and make crop and livestock farming more sustainable and sustainable. While the application of 5G to disrupt agriculture in our country is promising, there are some problems, and one of them is the small size of land in our country. The average size of the land permit in our country is relatively small compared to other countries, and is less than 2 hectares. In addition, 33% of the farming families have less than 0.4 hectares of land. This factor must be taken into consideration while implementing 5G solutions in agriculture in our country. “The world is not data,” says a new Monash-led paper on the future of agriculture, “and plants and animals are not machines.”

– titled “Managing the Risks of Artificial Intelligence in Agriculture”. The focus is on ethical issues related to the use of AI in agriculture.

The lead author is Professor Robert Sparrow, a Monash philosopher whose work addresses complex themes regarding the ethical, social and political impact of new technologies.

Agriculture is exploring the benefits and risks of using machine learning and artificial intelligence more and more in large-scale industrialized “agribusiness” and small-scale operations.

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Family farms in Australia can already use (human-controlled) drones and, soon enough, tractors with an “autopilot” function. A team of Monash engineers is developing an autonomous apple-picking robot.

“Now farmers can use GPS-enabled tractors to navigate their fields without the active control of the driver,” says Professor Sparrow. “More and more in Australia, farmers are still sitting in the cab, but they’re working on their laptops while the machine is going back and forth.

“They also use sensor technology to collect data on soil moisture to change watering patterns. Greenhouses have a company that offers robotic pollination of plants with robots that use air blowers to blow the pollen away.” Looks like a toy truck. Fruit packers use machine learning to control the quality of fruits and vegetables in packaging.

How Will Agriculture Change In The Future

In industrial agriculture, automation and artificial intelligence are common. Climate change forecasting also relies on machine learning.

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The paper looks at what might happen next and what it means, not necessarily for the Australian economy or GDP, but for the role and status of ‘farmers’.

Co-authors are Monash Philosophy Fellow Mark Howard and University of Wollongong Associate Professor Chris Dagling, a philosopher and sociologist.

“The future of agriculture is important to us all,” says Professor Sparrow. “You can’t look at what’s happening with climate change or the destruction of ecosystems without thinking that the future of agriculture is a big part of the future.

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