How Does Global Warming Affect The Animals – Climate change is wreaking havoc on our planet. In every corner of the earth, we see houses destroyed by floods, livelihoods destroyed by strong storms, and cities covered in dust.
We are also witnessing the greatest mass extinction since the dinosaurs. In fact, more than 35,500 species are currently threatened with extinction – that’s 28% of all species assessed by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).
- 1 How Does Global Warming Affect The Animals
- 2 How Climate Change Affects Life On Earth
- 3 How Does Climate Change Affect The Ocean?
How Does Global Warming Affect The Animals
But how will climate change affect these animals, and which animals are most at risk? Find out below.
Global Warming Effects On The Earth
We share the planet with many animals. Therefore, instead of analyzing each species, we turned to the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, which monitors endangered species worldwide.
We focused on population declines due to climate change and climate conditions, then narrowed it down to the most critically endangered or threatened species, i.e. animals that are at risk of extinction.
Before our research, we had no idea how destructive human activities, such as hunting and the wildlife trade, drive species to extinction.
Today’s extinction rate is estimated to be hundreds or thousands of times higher than the natural rate. This is the result of humans burning fossil fuels and releasing more CO2 into the atmosphere, which is changing the climate.
A Recent History Of Climate Change
Nicknamed “glass chickens” because of their transparent bodies, European ducks are on the brink of extinction due to sudden changes in Europe’s climate that are warming the oceans.
Hot water has a bad effect on plants. A recent study found that when kept in warm water, fewer young ducks survive, but are more active and willing to continue their migration. The research should simulate the environment expected by the end of the century as a result of climate change.
Survivors are usually poisoned by water pollution, which damages the chicken’s respiratory system, tissues and organs. Another factor affecting these fish is habitat loss, as local land development, flood control, and water level management destroy freshwater habitats.
Scientists have warned that sudden climate change and increased light pollution mean these small but powerful orbs could disappear within the next 30 years.
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Historically, these hamsters have been fast breeders – born after 18 days of gestation and live just two years. However, the latest analysis of the IUCN Red List showed that the number of embryos, fetuses and newborns in the common hamster population has decreased – in the future, the population may decrease by 50% per year.
While there is no clear answer as to why this is happening, many point to climate change and light pollution. Light pollution not only affects the physiology of the species, but the IUCN has also found that in just two winter nights, when nature is dark, the breeding phase of the common hamster changes by 3-4 weeks.
Many blame the effects of climate change on the decline in body weight of hamsters when they emerge from hibernation, which has fallen by 20% over the past 70 years.
For this yellow-spotted amphibian, there is a greater threat to extinction: drought. As the planet’s temperature rises, creatures dependent on the aquatic environment are now struggling more than ever.
How Climate Change Affects Life On Earth
Newt Kurdistan especially suffers from long dry period. Isa Kalontari, head of Iran’s Environment Authority, said in 2019: “We use tankers to supply water to the region. The entire central Zagros biodiversity is under threat. If we don’t protect wetlands and grasslands, many plants and animals will die. “
As the second most endangered turtle, with fewer than 50 mature captives worldwide, the northern river terrapin is on a dangerous path to extinction.
While many turtles are threatened by the “shell trade”, this species is here (primarily) due to habitat degradation. Dotted with swamps, mangroves, and sandy beaches, terrapin habitats are changing due to local activity and climate change.
Amphibians are one of the most sensitive groups to climate change because they thrive in aquatic environments that are rapidly shrinking. Also, the Karunaratana bush frog is only found in Sri Lanka where temperatures are rising and the habitat is being restored.
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Located in a mountain desert nature reserve, Sripada Peak is visited by millions of visitors every year, especially during the six-month peak tourist season. And wherever man goes, there is pollution. During these six months, a large amount of garbage is scattered around the reserve, light pollution illuminates the island, and the forest consumes more materials than usual.
Habitat loss is also a serious threat to this bush frog. Prior to 2013, the region had never experienced forest “regression” (a condition in which a tree or woody plant is killed off its edge). Shame, today is different.
These beautiful giants are particularly vulnerable to climate change due to higher temperatures, declining populations and invasive plant species competing for food.
Unlike some other species, Asian elephants’ slow reproductive rates and long lifespans mean they cannot adapt quickly to change. But their main weakness in this new environment? They need fresh water.
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If elephants cannot drink enough water, it affects their daily activities, as well as reproduction and migration. This means that in a growing world, Asian elephants are rapidly becoming extinct.
Living in some of the harshest areas in the world, the biggest threat to African wild donkeys is limited access to drinking water and food. Desert habitats in both Eritrea and Ethiopia, where these animals are found, face severe drought year-round – a situation likely to be exacerbated by climate change.
As grazers, African wild donkeys face great competition for food, consuming about 600 animals per day in the Mesir Plateau (in Eritrea) for 3-4 months during the wet season.
There are thought to be less than 50 mature wild African donkeys left in the world – and if things continue at the same rate, there is a 50% chance of extinction within three generations.
Unexpectedly Bizarre Effects Of Global Warming On Animals
White-bellied pangolins are the largest mammals in Asia and Africa. In addition, the second biggest threat to these large mammals is habitat loss.
In 2018, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, home to the prized pangolins, suffered the second largest loss of primary rainforest in the world.
Furthermore, climate change models predict that only the sun-baked regions of Africa will become hotter and drier – unless pangolins or their prey adapt to these changes, they will be in real danger of extinction.
African penguin populations have declined by more than 95% since pre-industrial times, and if climate change trends continue, the species will be extinct by 2026.
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Before climate change, African penguins migrated to areas with lower sea surface temperatures in search of food. Historically, this was a reliable signal for the presence of fish. But these penguins are now facing food shortages due to rising ocean temperatures that are pushing fish out of their normal range.
Warm seas have less food for albatross. Catching these royal birds now requires further trips – outside their known foraging range.
Food shortages not only harm the health of albatrosses and their young, but also local fisheries. Off the coast of South America, albatrosses are now the number one catch by fishing vessels, resulting in high “by-catch deaths”.
Unfortunately, there are many climatic factors that affect the southern rockhopper penguin. Scientists believe warmer conditions in the Falklands have delayed the breeding season – possibly leading to poor breeding successes.
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Local temperature changes also changed the habits of local fish, encouraging them to move to areas with cooler water or more food. This means that the penguins now have to travel to feed their chicks. This is especially deadly because these cute penguins are very sensitive to sea temperatures – so much so that cold temperatures can often kill their muscles.
Extreme weather events have had a severe impact on the northern royal albatross population over the years. In 1985, a hurricane affected the breeding grounds of the Chatham Islands (part of New Zealand’s Subantarctic Islands) and reduced the percentage of nests produced in some years to 3%. And with the frequent changes in the weather, it will only become more common.
Like the other animals on this list, the Northern Albatross has a slow reproductive rate as they usually mate with one mate for their lifetime. Changes in the environment, climate and some fishing methods make these “sea nomads” very vulnerable.
In the 1990s, the sea leaf snake population was estimated at 4,000-9,000. but now
What Climate Change Means For Earth’s Animals
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